Lake of Garda - TRENTINo side


            Castle and park Arciducale Arco

The Arboretum or Arciducale Park It was written, in making a brief excursus of the history of Arco, that the motor of the development of the city in the last decades of the nineteenth century was Archduke Albert of Hapsburg. He had chosen Arco as his winter residence; he had wanted to build a beautiful villa and around it had created a magnificent park, covering about five hectares. Different events have led to a reorganization of this space What we now call Arciducale Park is about a fifth of what once existed. After decades of neglect, in 1964, the Arc Care and Residence Company commissioned Professor Walter Larcher from the University of Innsbruck to give the park the Arboretum structure. The Austrian scholar planned the creation of a lively collection of trees and shrubs, characteristic of the Mediterranean and other continents, thus obtaining "miniature plant landscapes". Now the park has become a separate section of the Tridentine Museum of Natural Sciences, a body that has recently taken care of the redevelopment. The entrance to the Arboretum is in via Fossa Grande, the road that leads to the Castle and towards Làghel. At the entrance there are beautiful oaks; on the right a sucker raised at the base of a Cupressus macrocarpa is to be welded with a branch of the same plant. A flight of steps descends towards a large shadow space with cypresses from California and the Mediterranean; along the fence in the North an impenetrable bamboo forest is developing. The gazebo, a splendid balcony overlooking the valley, takes us back in time. An avenue marked by tall palm trees of China crosses the park from north to south; the slope that gently falls from the west presents different varieties of yucca, agaves and palms; a magnificent araucaria stands out above all. In the East, on the other hand, a grassy expanse with different varieties of Mediterranean pines accompanies the walk among the palms; the most recognizable is the Aleppo pine with its tall umbrella-like foliage. Further on there is a lush group of palms of China, recently enriched with other varieties. Other plants are scattered along the way, all typically Mediterranean species: the strawberry tree, the laurel, the myrtle, the red berries, the viburnum, the carob tree, the boxwood, the ceraso laurel, the magnolia. Then there is a small pond with plants of water lilies and calla lilies; at its edge stands a Lawson cypress, with its singular "candlestick" multiple trunk. In a corner of the large lawn a robust redwood is growing; further on, trees were also planted which were once very present in all the gardens of the valley: the medlar, mulberry, walnut, cherry, chestnut and other species. They are the "poor cousins" of the varieties present in the park and yet so rooted in the agricultural tradition and in the environment of the Basso Sarca. The brooms and passiflora soften the slope that rises to the west. We proceed through bushes of holly and rosemary, surrounded by laurel and strawberry trees, towards the giant of the park: the majestic Sequoia sempervirens. Its foliage rises towards the sky and fits perfectly with the castle's crenellated tower, which can be seen in the distance. Beside there are two large camphor trees; just rub a fallen leaf to feel the characteristic scent of the oil obtained from the officinal plant. Australia's eucalyptus trees have been planted along the nearby slope. In the niches of the sun-kissed wall a splendid lemon-house has been created with different citrus varieties: bitter orange, lemon, grapefruit and mandarin. Next to them a very lush avocado plant. In the same area there is the Asimina triloba, also called pau-pau. Beyond this area of ​​the park, along a steep slope, numerous cypresses soar, sinking their roots, protecting that land from being washed away; they seem so many sentinels intent on assuring the Park respect and admiration. green.

The castle of Arco, on top of an imposing rocky rock, dominates the entire plain of the river Sarca and also the city, whose ancient center surrounds the slopes of the hill in a semicircle. The first information on the manor dates back to the twelfth century, although the site where the castle stands was a refuge for the Cenoman tribes already around 300 BC. Inside the magnificent manor you can visit the stone prison, the big tower, the ravelin and numerous rooms. Jewel of the complex the splendid cycle of profane frescoes of the fourteenth century, in which relive characters and court scenes: ladies and gentlemen playing chess, St. George killing the dragon, the investiture of a knight and the lady interweaving garlands of rose. Icon and symbol of the city, the Castle of Arco is one of the most renowned and depicted from antiquity to the present, reproduced in countless codices and paintings, including the watercolor by Albrecht Dürer at the Louvre in Paris. The castle of Arco can be visited. Opening hours From April to September: 10.00 am - 7.00 pm March and October 10.00 am - 5.00 pm From November to February 10.00 am - 4.00 pm From 7 to 31 January only Saturday and Sunday 10.00am - 4.00pm February 10.00am - 4.00pm Closing: November 1st 25/26 December and 1 January, afternoon of 24 and 31 December Entry price: Full price: € 3.50


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